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We’re going to Saturn in 2019

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The space agency will start the year with the placing in orbit of a somewhat special satellite, this satellite seeks to approach Saturn and study it for a period of years. We will have photographs of its atmosphere, its rock formations and if there were, its lakes, rivers and seas; which logically in advance is assumed non-existent.

It seems a lie but our scientists have been able to calculate with simple mathematics all the possible problems that may affect the orbit of this Saturnian satellite. Auxiliary energy sources of solar character, being our king star responsible for driving our satellite to the vicinity of Saturn, which is planned in the coming months.

Everything will depend on solar storms that may affect the integrity of our satellite as well as the small asteroids that drift in space.

This year 2019 we will contemplate one of the most ambitious projects of man, the conquest of the solar system with its main planets. This is something that only 100 years ago would seem impossible, even unthinkable. Only open minds of writers like Jules Verne already pointed out the possibility of space travel in his book “From the Earth to the Moon” where he already had the particular vision that today we have all the inhabitants of the blue planet called Earth. Our mission is none other than to know, to investigate and for this the space exploration is one of the isolated grander that man still does not know. And it is at this moment where humility returns to take a big step, this time not on the Moon, this time it will be on Saturn that we will study it in detail with high resolution photographs that will allow us to find out an endless number of peculiarities of our sister planet … good big brother since it is one of the most impressive in the solar system.

The study system will be very similar to the one you are taking with the other great unknown, the planet Mars. Even if we had more, we can remove the label of great unknown because we are photographing its reliefs, taking samples of stones and analyzing all kinds of organisms that we find. This implies another great advance for the man who is no longer content to inhabit his blue planet, but wants to know, and study each of his planets brothers of the solar system. All a feat that we will be witnessing in the coming years.

Planets and satellites with water in the Solar System

There are structures in our Solar System with more water than the Earth.

A study on water in the Solar System, carried out by the University of Puerto Rico in Arecibo, has pointed out that water is not a unique feature of the Earth and that moons such as Europa or Titan – satellites of Jupiter and Saturn, respectively – they have larger amounts of liquid water than the blue planet. Specifically, experts have stressed that Europe has double and Titan up to 11 times the amount of water possessed by the Earth’s subsurface oceans.

The work highlights that water is the most abundant compound in the Universe, since it is composed of the first and third most abundant elements, such as hydrogen and oxygen, respectively. What is a special characteristic of the Earth is water in a liquid state. In the Solar System it is more common to see it in the form of vapor or ice.

Our universe, still young, has plenty of hydrogen. The other elements have been created in the stars, and the heavier elements in supernovas, and collisions of neutron stars.

Most of the matter we see in the universe is matter that we can not see (dark matter) of which we do not even know what it is, but it is observed that there should be such matter because of its gravitational effects.

Of the matter that remains, called baryonic, most of it does not generate compounds, since it is in ionized states in the interspace vacuum.

Suffice it to say that it is a very large universe, and regions with specific conditions could give rise to compounds that are not elsewhere.

The compounds that would involve the most abundant elements would have to be more likely. Diatomic hydrogen should be the most abundant compound. Helium is a noble gas, forms compounds under particular conditions, so the amount of compounds with helium should be very low: (Compounds of helium, neon and argon)

The next compound, would be the most common element with the third, in abundance, that is, hydrogen with oxygen: water.

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